Pune Low on Good Cholesterol: Study

A growing number of Punekars are suffering from bad cholesterol often caused by their poor lifestyle. Three in 10 people reported high levels of Triglyceride while a similar percentage of people are reported borderline high and high levels of cholesterol, says a survey conducted ahead of World Heart Day by Pune-based Golwilkar Metropolis, a part of Metropolis Healthcare limited.

An analysis of over 695835 samples tested in Pune for lipid profile between the age group of 20 and 80 years revealed that about only 10 per cent of the samples tested have ideal levels of HDL (good) cholesterol while a low HDL level is unhealthy and needs to be treated and controlled by lifestyle alterations.

Dr Nilesh Shah, Group President, Metropolis Healthcare said, “The incidence and prevalence of cardiovascular diseases have been steadily rising in India. The major factors attributed to this are changes in lifestyle, lack of exercise, consumption of non-nutritious food, increased stress level, smoking and irrational use of tobacco. As there are no substantial symptoms, a thorough check-up of cholesterol levels is of utmost importance to keep a track of good health. Prolonged working hours, hectic commute and growing incidence of obesity along with sedentary lifestyle are also one of the reasons for the population to be more prone to heart ailments.”

Data Analysis from Samples Tested in Pune reveals the below findings

3 in 10 people reported Borderline high and high levels of cholesterol

HDL levels were abnormally level in samples tested from Pune. HDL Cholesterol is also called as the good cholesterol and a level above 40 mg/dl is considered desirable. Only over 10 per cent of the samples tested has desirable levels of HDL Cholesterol

3 in 10 people also reported high levels of Triglyceride

Age 20-80 Yrs

In per cent

Parameter

Borderline

Desirable

High

Undesirable

Chol Total

21.24

72.06

6.70

HDL (Good Cholesterol)

52.22 (Low)

11.56

36.23

LDL (Bad Cholesterol)

16.82

76.52

6.66

Triglycerides

68.17

31.82

 

Age 20-80 Yrs

In per cent

Row Labels

Borderline

Desirable

High

Undesirable

Cholesterol

F

22.68

69.59

7.72

M

19.49

74.80

5.71

HDL (Good Cholesterol)

F

58.27

19.73

22.00

M

47.32

5.41

47.28

LDL Bad Cholesterol)

F

17.05

75.91

7.04

M

16.12

77.69

6.19

Triglycerides

F

26.87

73.13

M

35.02

64.98

Know your Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a fat-like substance (lipid) that is present in cell membranes and is a precursor of bile acids and steroid hormones. Normally cholesterol travels in the blood in distinct particles containing both lipid and proteins (lipoproteins). In modern times, non-HDL cholesterol (non-HDL-C) has become a commonly used marker for a blood lipid pattern associated with an increased risk of heart disease.

High blood cholesterol and triglyceride

High cholesterol is a condition in which a high amount of cholesterol is present in the blood; usually, there are no signs or symptoms. People with high blood cholesterol level have higher chances of developing cardiac risk. This results in the development of plaques in the arteries.

Plaques are basically a substance made of fat, cholesterol which clogs the arteries depriving heart and brain of getting a good amount of oxygen leading to Atherosclerosis; this increases the chances of heart attack or stroke. The higher level of HDL (sometimes called good cholesterol) in the blood lowers the chances of developing heart disease.

Low-density lipoprotein(LDL) or “bad,” cholesterol transports cholesterol particles throughout your body. LDL cholesterol builds up in the walls of your arteries, making them hard and narrow.

High-density lipoprotein is often referred to as “good” cholesterol. HDL picks up excess cholesterol in your blood and takes it back to your liver where it’s broken down and removed from your body.

Triglycerides and cholesterol are separate types of lipids that circulate in your blood. Triglycerides store unused calories and provide your body with energy, and cholesterol is used to build cells and certain hormones. Because triglycerides and cholesterol can’t dissolve in blood, they circulate throughout your body with the help of proteins that transport the lipids (lipoproteins). High triglycerides are often a sign of other conditions that increase the risk of heart disease and stroke as well, including obesity and metabolic syndrome — a cluster of conditions that includes too much fat around the waist, high blood pressure, high triglycerides, high blood sugar, and abnormal cholesterol levels.

Various factors can impact the cholesterol levels in one’s blood leading to high levels of LDL cholesterol. Research suggests that lack of exercise and inactivity also affects cholesterol levels in the body, which is very necessary to boost levels of HDL cholesterol in the blood, simultaneously making LDL less harmful. Getting the right diagnosis done and having it monitored by your doctor helps to lead a healthy life.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *